• Transactions & Dealings >> Inheritance & Will

    Question ID: 145357Country: India

    Title: Distribution of Property

    Question: How the property will be distributed in 4 sisters and 1 brother. Property belongs to parents of my mother, her parents have died more than 30 years ago. Her brother is using land's benefits for approximately 30 years without sharing it with any sister and there was a house also which has been sold by her brother few years ago and he did not share anything with any sister. How the kaffarah will be paid to sisters by him for benefits and house selling and what will be the Shariah policies in this case?

    Answer ID: 145357

    Bismillah hir-Rahman nir-Rahim !

    (Fatwa: 44/51/SD=2/1438)

    If the above mentioned question and the details of the heirs is true, the property and house left by your mother’s parents shall be divided into six shares, after paying due rights preceding inheritance. Out of the total, each sister shall get one share while the brother shall get 2 shares. It is sheer injustice that the brother usurped all the property and did not give the sisters anything. It was not lawful for the brother to sell the house, he committed unlawful act by selling the house without the permission of his sisters. However, now it is necessary for him to distribute the amount of the sold house as per the above mentioned distribution.


    عن سعيد بن زيد رضي الله عنه قال : سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول : من أخذ من حق امرئ من المسلمين شبراً بغير حق طوقه الله تعالى يوم القيامة سبع أرضين. (صحيح البخاري 1/332331 رقم: 2388 ، صحيح مسلم 2/33 ، المعجم الأوسط للطبراني 6/167 رقم: 8383) 



    Sa'id b. Zaid (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah's Messenger (may peace and blessings of God be upon him) as saying: “Whoever usurps the land of somebody unjustly, his neck will be encircled with it down the seven earths on the Day of Resurrection.”


    عن أنس ابن مالك رضي الله عنه قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : من فر من ميراث وارثه ، قطع الله ميراثه من الجنة يوم القيمة . (سنن ابن ماجة ، كتاب الوصايا/باب الحيف في الوصية 194 رقم: 2703 دارالفكر بيروت ، مشكاة المصابيح ، كتاب البيوع / باب الوصايا ، الفصل الثالث 266).



    It was narrated from Anas bin Malik (Allah be pleased with them) that the Messenger of Allah (may peace and blessings of God be upon him) said: “Whoever tries to avoid giving the inheritance to his heirs, Allah (SWT) will deprive him of his inheritance in Paradise on the Day of Resurrection.”

    Allah (Subhana Wa Ta'ala) knows Best

    Darul Ifta,

    Darul Uloom Deoband, India