Prayers & Duties >> Salah (Prayer)

Question # : 475


As salamu aleykum, Please tell me why the Hanafis dont raise their hands in salah (before and after ruku) while there are sahih hadith in Bukhari that tell us to do so? Was salaam

Answer : 475

Published on: Jul 4, 2007

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

(Fatwa: 260=259/M)


This is also narrated in Sahih Hadith that there is no Raf-e-Yadain (raising of hands) except Takbeer-e-Tahreemah (raising hands at the time of starting Salah):

عن علقمة قال: قال عبد اللہ بن مسعود: آلا اصلی بکم صلاة رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ، فصلی و لم یرفع یدیہ الا فی اول مرة، (رواہ ابوداؤد والترمذی والنسائی، و ھو حدیث صحیح، آثار السنن)

Also, there are many more Ahadith that negate Raf-e-Yadain and Imam Bukhari himself admits it, as he writes in Juz-u-Raf-il-Yadain:

وکان الثوری ووکیع و بعض الکوفیین لایرفعون ایدیھم وقد رووا فی ذلک احادیث کثیرة (ص 54)

He says that the traditions which negate Raf-e-Yadain are also in great number. So in this case, which traditions should be followed? Imam Bukhari narrates from his teacher Humaidi:

انما یؤخذ بالآخر فالآخر من فعل رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم (1/96)

It means that the last action of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallah) will be followed. Similarly, in Juz-u-Raf-il-Yadain, Imam Bukhari said that Imam Awzaai was asked: What is the ruling about Raf-e-Yadain? He said: It was in the beginning. (p 56) This implies that the ruling of Raf-e-Yadain was withdrawn; so the later action is determined to be followed. (Tajalliyat-e-Safdar: 2/472)


Besides, due to many other reasons the traditions that negate Raf-e-Yadain have been preferred for action. These points are clearly mentioned in books. Therefore, we (Hanafis) do not raise hands before and after Ruku.

Allah knows Best!

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

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