• Faiths & Beliefs >> Islamic Beliefs

    Question ID: 295Country: United States of America

    Title: (1) I want to know how you can tell if you are Ashari or Maturidi in aqeedah. What are the differences? I think i should have the same aqeedah as Deoband since i am from India. I am also the great Grandson of Maulana Muhammad Ali Mongeri R.A. So please tell me which one of these I belong to and the differences? (2) I want to study deen, but the only place my parents will allow me to go is Medina Univ. If i go to medina i will try to study arabic. But i heard it is not good to go there because they have some differences. Can u please enlighten me on what to be aware of?

    Question: (1) I want to know how you can tell if you are Ashari or Maturidi in aqeedah. What are the differences? I think i should have the same aqeedah as Deoband since i am from India. I am also the great Grandson of Maulana Muhammad Ali Mongeri R.A. So please tell me which one of these I belong to and the differences? (2) I want to study deen, but the only place my parents will allow me to go is Medina Univ. If i go to medina i will try to study arabic. But i heard it is not good to go there because they have some differences. Can u please enlighten me on what to be aware of?

    Answer ID: 295Posted on: Sep 1, 2020

    Bismillah hir-Rahman nir-Rahim !

    (Fatwa: 155=154/L)

     

    Ashari are those who follow Shaikh Abul Hasan Ashari (260-324 H). Since, Shaikh Abul Hasan was a follower of Shafei Maslak therefore his school of thought was popular in Shawafe. The followers of Shafei Fiqh are Ashari in issues related to science of Kalam.

     

    Maturidi are those who follow Shaikh Abu Mansoor Maturidi (d. 333 H). Since, Shaikh Abu Mansoor was a Hanafi therefore his school of thought was popular in Ahnaaf. The followers of Hanafi Fiqh are generally follower of Maturidi school of thought in Kalam. The Ulama of Deoband are Hanafi, therefore they follow Maturidi school of thought. The Ashari and Maturidi schools of thought differ in 12 (twelve) issues; all of them are nonessential and furooi (not principle). (For details, please see Rahmatullahil Waseah Sharh Hujjatillahil Balighah 1/47)

     

    (2) There is no problem whatsoever in going to Medina University, but we have some differences with people there; therefore a person who is not well versed in his maslak and one who might not be able to stick to his maslk is advised not to go there for education. As far as the matter of education is concerned you may acquire the Islamic education staying in US. You should get admission in any madrasa of Deoband thought and keep on going in Tableegi Jamat now and then.

    Allah (Subhana Wa Ta'ala) knows Best

    Darul Ifta,

    Darul Uloom Deoband, India