Transactions & Dealings >> Inheritance & Will

Question # : 842

India

Why is a daughter given only 1/3rd share of her fathers property after her fathers death. Why she is not given equal share. Please elaborate the answer.

Answer : 842

Published on: Jul 29, 2007

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم


(Fatwa: 317=317/L)


 


The daughters are of three kinds: (1) If there is only one daughter left (with no son) then she will get half of her father?s property. (2) In case they are two or more than two, then they will get two third (2/3) of their father?s property. (3) When there are sons along with daughters then each daughter will get one share and each son will get two shares. This distribution has been mentioned in Quran:


یوصیکم اللہ فی اولادکم للذکر مثل حظ الانثیین فان کن نساء فوق اثنتین فلھن ثلثا ماترک و ان کانت واحدة فلھا النصف (سورة النساء: 4/11)


Allah (thus) directs you as regards your Children's (Inheritance): to the male, a portion equal to that of two females: if only daughters, two or more, their share is two-thirds of the inheritance; if only one, her share is a half. (4/11)


 


In the third condition, the daughters receive half; since the girls need less money as compared to boys as the parents are responsible for their expenses before marriage and after marriage husband bears the responsibility of maintenance.



Allah knows Best!


Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

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