Transactions & Dealings >> Inheritance & Will

Question # : 13524


Assalamlikum Provide me fatwa on my property distribution to my children. I have 4 sons & 2 married daughters. All property is in my name & my wife also alive. Property distribution in my life time as I knew divide the property into 6 equal parts and give each part to every one. But I want to distribute my property less or more (adjustment) way (not equally). Those (son or daughter) who is financially week or not good condition or other reasons etc.. I want to support them. Myself & my wife intention is very clear to look all children equally & wish all our children well settle & happy in the life without any discriminates or depriving in any son or daughter. Can I do like above it is correct under Islamic rules? And one more thing I want to know about GIFT GIVING RIGHT. Can I give gift some part to one son or daughter or other. Is it correct?

Answer : 13524

Published on: Jun 14, 2009

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

(Fatwa: 1006/951=B/1430)


Until the father is alive he is sole owner of his entire property; no son or daughter has any right and share in the same. The children have a right in the property of father after his death. But, if a father wants to distribute his property among his children, he can do so. The father should distribute it equally among the children, this is preferable and better. But for valid reasons, father can prefer one on another as well. So, if any child is financially weak, father can prefer him on other children. The distribution made by father will be called ?hibah? (gift):

وفي الفتاوی: رجل لہ ابن وبنت أراد أن یھب لھما شیئا فالأفضل أن یجعل للذکر مثل حظ الأنثیین عند محمد وعند أبي یوسف بینھم بالسواء وھو المختار لورود الآثار (شامي 4:707)

وَلَوْ وَهَبَ رَجُلٌ شيئا لِأَوْلَادِهِ في الصِّحَّةِ وَأَرَادَ تَفْضِيلَ الْبَعْضِ على الْبَعْضِ في ذلك لَا رِوَايَةَ لِهَذَا في الْأَصْلِ عن أَصْحَابِنَا وَرُوِيَ عن أبي حَنِيفَةَ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى أَنَّهُ لَا بَأْسَ بِهِ إذَا كان التَّفْضِيلُ لِزِيَادَةِ فَضْلٍ له في الدِّينِ (الفتاوی العالمگیریۃ، کتاب الھبۃ وفضلھا والتحریض علیھا)

Allah knows Best!

Darul Ifta,
Darul Uloom Deoband

Related Question